101: The Botany Series

© 2011, 2005

This series provides a comprehensive introduction to botany, or the biology of plants.  Introduction to Botany Parts I and II cover adaptation of plants to life on land, bryophytes, vascular plants, gymnosperms, angiosperms, structure and growth of seed plants, roots, soil, stems, and leaves, as well as plant movement, nutrition, and the nitrogen cycle.  Photosynthesis presents an intelligible and logical explanation of this difficult but fascinating subject, including atomic and molecular structures, cells, the nature of energy, glucose production and use, ATP, requirements for photosynthesis, sunlight, chlorophyll, carbon dioxide and water, enzymes, process of photosynthesis, light and dark reactions, respiration, and the importance of photosynthesis.  Plant Reproduction examines cell division, mitosis and meiosis, haploid and diploid number of chromosomes, gametes, zygotes, and spores, then moves on to cover the evolution of plant reproduction, beginning with green algae and progressing through mosses, ferns, gymnosperms and angiosperms. 

The information and learning experience provided by the series is supported and enhanced by the engaging presentation of the narrator combined with computer animation, experiments, demonstrations, time-lapse photography and video shot in the field.  A detailed study guide is also provided.

Schools:  High school and college introductory botany

Individual program learning objectives



To preview the programs listed below, click on the clips in the right column and using your mouse select the controls.

These previews are the property of EMD and are not intended for instructional use.

101.1 Introduction to Botany, part 1 (34 min.)

1. Name the four types of plant species.
2. Discuss the differences between vascular and non-vascular plants.
3. List adaptations made by plants that enable them to live on land.
4. Name the three classes of bryophytes.
5. Describe the functions of plant roots.
6. Differentiate between the effects of clay and sand in soil.
7. Discuss the functions of leaves.


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101.2  Introduction to Botany, part 2 (25 min.)

1. Describe the process of transpiration.
2. Describe the process of guttation.
3. Name the two types of plant movement.
4. Differentiate between positive and negative tropism.
5. Name six minerals necessary for plant nutrition.
6. Discuss the sources of nitrogen for plant nutrition.

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101.3 Photosynthesis (30 min.)

After viewing the program, the learner will be able to do the following:
1. Differentiate between heterotrophs and autotrophs.
2. Define the term “chemical bond.”
3. List the four things necessary for photosynthesis to occur.
4. Describe the role of a “catalyst.”
5. Differentiate between a “light reaction” and a “dark reaction.”
6. Name the source of energy used by living cells.

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101.4 Plant Reproduction (26 min.)

1. Differentiate between mitosis and meiosis.
2. Describe the characteristics of haploid and diploid cells.
3. Differentiate between gametes and spores.
4. Define the term “alteration of generations.”
5. Discuss the differences between sexual and asexual reproduction.
6. Describe how the formation of seeds helps ensure a plant’s ability to survive in difficult times.
7. Define the term “vegetative reproduction.”


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